Since the time of the Etruscans in the seventh century BC, Rome has been the most important city in Italy. Built on the seven hills of ancient times, it is divided by the Tiber River. During the Roman Empire it was the center of government and is now the capital of Italy. It is additionally important because it contains the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church and Rome is known as the ‘Holy City’ or the ‘eternal city’, both of which are appropriate names for the city which is a cultural, artistic and religious center for western civilization.
From the time of the Renaissance the city was intermittently under papal rule and when the troops of a uniting Italy made Rome the capital in 1871 the pope refused to give up his sovereignty. However, the pope gave up all claim except for the Vatican in 1929 when the Lateran Treaty created the latter as an independent state within the city of Rome. Papal rule had been responsible for many of the artistic monuments in Rome, particularly those created during the Renaissance. The Vatican city itself contains many of the world’s art treasures. Within its grounds is the Sistine Chapel, with its magnificent ceiling by Michelangelo and frescoes by Botticelli and other Renaissance artists. The Vatican library, founded in the fifteenth century, is the oldest known public library and contains many rare manuscripts and books.
Many people travel to Rome today as pilgrims to be blessed by the pope in St Peter’s Square and many attend Mass celebrated by the pope in the square.
Because Rome has been continually occupied since ancient times, it contains a history of European Man. The forum with the two stone arches of Titus and of Septimus Severus, and the huge Colosseum, capable of seating 45 000, are reminders of the glories of the Roman Empire. Churches such as St Peter’s, St Mary Major and St Lawrence without the Walls indicate the strength of the Christian Church and of papal influence.
Palaces and villas, many of which are filled with paintings, sculpture and magnificent furniture, illustrate the lifestyle of the nobility. The Palazzo Farnese, the French Embassy since 1871, is considered one of the finest palaces of Rome. The beautiful building of the Palazzo di Venezia, where Mussolini had his offices, is now a museum.
The city has been built around a series of piazzas or open places, such as the huge colonnaded circle before St Peter’s built by Bernini and the Piazza del Campidoglio with its intricate, star-patterned pavement designed by Michelangelo for Pope Paul III. Rome is a city of fountains and more than 300 adorn the city. Some of the most beautiful ones were designed by Bernini, including the magnificent Four Rivers Fountains on four street corners, but perhaps the most famous is the huge Trevi Fountain by Longhena. It has become a tradition for tourists to toss coins into this fountain to ensure that they will return to Rome. There are also tiny drinking fountains in some streets that are more than a thousand years old.
Italy was originally clothed in forests, but these have mostly fallen victim to man’s depredations. In the Alps, where forestry is still an important activity, oak, sweet chestnut and beech are common up to about 900 meters, with spruce, fir, pine and larch at higher altitudes. Much depends on aspect, but above 2,250 meters only stunted trees (mainly larch, juniper, alder and mountain pine) survive, eventually giving way to humble alpine plants.
Extensive oak and chestnut woodlands have survived on the infertile morainic hills along the Alpine margin of the Northern Plain. The plain itself was once a forest of oak, elm, alder, poplar and willow, but is now almost entirely farmland, with poplars as a valuable “crop” along the rivers.
In Mediterranean Italy drought resistant evergreen oaks have survived in parts of the Anti Apennines (up to about 600 meters) and more extensively in Sardinia, where the cork oak is also commercially important. Plantations of maritime and Aleppo pine have been established on fiat and sandy stretches of the coast. Where woodland has been cleared and the land then abandoned, a secondary growth of laurel, broom and other woody shrubs known as the macchia frequently takes over.
It provides firewood and rough grazing, and may be brought back into cultivation from time to time. Some very stony deforested areas support nothing but garriga, a sparse heathy vegetation consisting of lavender, thyme, rosemary and other fragrant herbs. In the mountains, where the summer drought is less severe, the evergreen oak is replaced by deciduous oaks, which in turn are succeeded upwards by chestnut and beech. There are extensive beech forests in the Abruzzi, and the Sila plateau is noted for its pine and chestnut forests.
Wildlife is scarce, owing to the national passion for shooting, hunting and trapping. Surviving species include the chamois of the Alps, wolves, wild hogs and deer. A heavy toll is taken of migratory birds of all varieties, especially in Sicily. This indiscriminate killing is not for food, but in the name of sport.
Sand Gnats rally past Rome Braves for eighth straight win
WEDNESDAY’S SCORE: Sand Gnats 6, Rome Braves 5 ON THE RECORD: Rome 25-41, Savannah 39-26 SEEING STARS: A two-out, eighth-inning double by Wilfredo Tovar tied the game and he eventually scored on a passed ball to give Savannah a wild, come-from-behind victory. Tovar, a 19-year-old middle infielder, finished with three hits and has hit in 13 of his last 14 games and raised his batting average to … Dhuo – Rome By Night – Computer Video Track from Vinyl!
Father Walter John Paulits, theology scholar, dies
Founder of Our Lady of the Chesapeake Roman Catholic Church was 88 Father Walter John Paulits, a long-time Baltimore-area priest and theology scholar, died June 4 from natural causes at an assisted living residence in the Pasadena area. He was 88. Living Life In Rome!
Russian Top quality luxury Rome port tours of Rome and the Vatican city for Russian cruise passengers | Rome tours for Russian travelers
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While in Rome for a day our Russian guests meet their personal Russian speaking official Rome tour guide to enjoy high quality skip the lines Rome and the Vatican City tour. Rome first timers tour Rome must see sights and ancient Rome landmarks like the Coliseum, the ancient Rome Forum, the Capitoline Hill, Piazza Venezia, the legendary Trevi Fountain and the Spanish Steps including the fashion Rome shopping area of Via dei Condotti. After a short break for lunch in a traditional Roman restaurant (optional), the private guided tour in Russian continue with the skip the lines Vatican, Sistine Chapel and St. Peter’s Basilica in St. Peter Square. This private Rome day trip from Rome port led by a certified Russian speaking Rome tour guide will be an enjoyable, entertaining and culturally rich Rome day trip experience!
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Five things we learned from the Diamond League meeting in Rome | Anna Kessel in the first of a regular series of meetings of the Diamond League look at what we have learned in Rome 1) Usain Bolt can not last the season undefeated in his first competition since being defeated by Tyson Gay last August – before the 2010 season ended in damages – Usain Bolt finished just 0.02 seconds ahead of his former world record holder Asafa Powell. Bolt wins 9.91secs time is … Rome 2009 – Men’s 100 Fly finals – Phelps vs. Cavic
What restaurants with a Michelin star / s in Rome?
We're going to Rome in early January and we are looking for a restaurant with a star Michelin / s at dinner. Any suggestions?
La Pergola is fantastic. La Pergola – 3 stars http://www.red-travel.com/uk/best-restaurant/rome/la-pergola.htm Agata e Romeo – http://www.red-travel.com/uk/best-restaurant/rome/agata-e-romeo.htm a star near Rome: Caesar – La Posta Vecchia – 1 http://www stars . -travel.com/uk/best-restaurant/rome/cesar-la-posta-vecchia-ladispoli.htm red
Restaurant Carme Ruscalleda – Sant Pau (part 1of4) ABNewsTV
How much spending money for a week in Sorrento, Italy, half board?
My boyfriend and I are going to Sorrento for a week the first week June We had half board so that everyone who bought breakfast is really all that are out, drink all day and night in some alcoholics. Let to visit, but do so in public transport as I said is very cheap and easy to use. We're going to Pompeii and the usual places around Rome, I'm not sure if these places are expensive to manufacture. How much money do you think we need in each case?
Assuming that your one meal, lunch, you can get 15 to 20 euros per day or less so that if and what you eat. If we stick cutter panini or a pizza, you could spend a little less, but a pizza usually takes about 8 to 13 euros each and coperto drink more. What happens in the alcohol is yours. Is € 1.90 each on the train to Pompeii Circumvesuviana (one way). You can find the timetables here: Admission http://www.vesuviana.it/web/en to Pompeii is about 11 euros each. http://www.culturacampania.rai.it/site/en-gb/Cultural_Heritage/Archaelogical_areas_and_Nature_parks/Scheda/pompei_scavi.html . There are entry fees to other attractions in the list here: http://www.hotelantichemura.com/en/escursioni.htm If you want to go to Capri for a day, you can find schedules mooring: http://www.capri.net/en/ship-timetable. Travel expenses from 9.80 to 14.50 euros per person, depending on the ship to take. You can also find the costs and timetables for boats to Positano and Amalfi. There is also a bus along the Amalfi Coast. The train from Naples costs € 3.30 each. If you go to Rome can be Train timetables and prices: http://www.trenitalia.com/cms/v/index.jsp?vgnextoid=ad1ce14114bc9110VgnVCM10000080a3e90aRCRD. An express train Costs 44 euros per person in class 2 and the trip takes about 1 h 10 min. A slowdown in the regional train cost 10.50 per person and lasts approximately 2 hours 20 min. The time varies depending specific training.